Research on the specific movement of the head in tennis strokes


  • Manuel Fernández López



vision, balance, fixing, impact


Technique is one of the aspects that has the most relevant influence on tennis player performance. Searching for more efficient and effective technique, by means of the application of biomechanical laws, is a constant among coaches and researchers. This article deals with a very concrete subject in tennis technique: the position of the head during the impact phase of tennis strokes. Biomechanical aspects of the strokes will also be considered, as well as other relevant aspects such as fixing the gaze during the stroke and the stretching-shortening cycle.


Download data is not yet available.


Bačić, B., & Hume, P. A. (2018). Computational intelligence for qualitative coaching diagnostics: Automated assessment of tennis swings to improve performance and safety. Big Data, 6(4), 291–304.

Ducrocq, E., Wilson, M., Vine, S., & Derakshan, N. (2016). Training attentional control improves cognitive and motor task performance. Journal of sport and exercise psychology, 38(5), 521-533,

Ducrocq, E., Wilson, M., Smith, T. J., & Derakshan, N. (2017). Adaptive working memory training reduces the negative impact of anxiety on competitive motor performance. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 39(6), 412-422,

Elliott, B., Reid, M. & Crespo, M. (2009). El desarrollo de la técnica en la producción de los golpes de tenis. ITF The international tennis federation, Ed. Primera.

Elliott, B. C., Reid, M. & Crespo, M. (2003). Biomechanics of advanced tennis. ITF The international tennis federation, Ed. Primera.

Giblin, G., Whiteside, D. & Reid, M. (2017). Now you see, now you don’t … the influence of visual occlusion on racket and ball kinematics in the tennis serve. Sports Biomechanics, 16(1), 23–33,

Keller, J., Ripoll, H. (2006). Trends in learning research, chapter 7, pp. 139-170.

Lafont, D. (2007). Towards a new hitting model in tennis. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 7(3), 106-116,

Lafont, D. (2008). Gaze control during the hitting phase in tennis: a preliminary study. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 8(1), 85–100,

Lebeau, J. C., Liu, S., Sáenz-Moncaleano, C., Sanduvete-Chaves, S., Chacón-Moscoso, S., Becker, B. J., & Tenenbaum, G. (2016). Quiet eye and performance in sport: A meta-analysis. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 38(5), 441–457,

Luis del Campo, V., Reina, R., Sabido, R., & Moreno, F. J. (2015). Diferencias en el comportamiento visual y motor de tenistas en laboratorio y en pista de tenis. Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología, 47(2), 136-145,

Quevedo, LL., Padros, A., Sole, J., & Cardona, G. (2015). Perceptual-cognitive training with the Neurotracker 3D-MOT to improve performance in three different sports. Apunts, educación física y esports, 119. pp. 97-108.

Reina, R., Moreno, F., Sanz, D., Damas, J., & Luis, V. (2006). El efecto de la dimensionalidad de la escena en el comportamiento visual y motor durante el resto al servicio en tenis y tenis en silla de ruedas. European Journal of Human Movement, (16), 63–83.

Reina, R., Moreno, F. J., & Sanz, D. (2007). Visual behavior and motor responses of novice and experienced wheelchair tennis players relative to the service return. Adapted physical activity quarterly (Vol. 24),

Sáenz-Moncaleano, C., Basevitch, I., & Tenenbaum, G. (2018). Gaze behaviors during serve returns in tennis: a comparison between intermediate-and high-skill players. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology. Volume 40: Issue 2, Pages: 49-59,

Shafizadeh, M., Bonner, S., Fraser, J., & Barnes, A. (2019). Effect of environmental constraints on multi-segment coordination patterns during the tennis service in expert performers. Journal of sports sciences, 37(9), 1011-1020,

Singer, R. N., Cauraugh, J. H., Chen, D., Steinberg, G. M., & Frehlich, S. G. (1996). Visual search, anticipation, and reactive comparisons between highly-skilled and beginning tennis players. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 8(1), 9-26,

Taya, S., Windridge, D., & Osman, M. (2013). Trained eyes: Experience promotes adaptive gaze control in dynamic and uncertain visual environments. PLoS One, 8(8),

Vickers, J. N. (2016). The quiet eye: origins, controversies, and future directions. Kinesiology Review, 5(2), 119-28,

Ward, P., Williams, A. M., & Bennett, S. J. (2002). Visual search and biological motion perception in tennis. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 73(1), 107-112,

Williams, A. M., Ward, P., Knowles, J. M., & Smeeton, N. J. (2002). Anticipation skill in a real-world task: measurement, training, and transfer in tennis. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 8(4), 259,



How to Cite

Fernández López , M. (2020). Research on the specific movement of the head in tennis strokes. ITF Coaching & Sport Science Review, 28(80), 16–19.