Towards polarized training in tennis? Usefulness of combining technical and physiological assessments during a new incremental field test


  • Cyril Brechbuhl
  • Olivier Girard
  • Grégoire Millet
  • Laurent Schmitt



Incremental test, ball accuracy, ball velocity, polarized training


Although tennis performance analysis underlines the relationship between physical and technical parameters, scientific or coaching approaches often neglect to develop these two aspects in the same training session. The effectiveness of combining physical and technical factors is reinforced by new results made available through the optimization of new technologies. Here, we discuss how the use of radar and ball machine may offer practical information to improve players’ preparation concerning production of optimal ball velocity, ball accuracy and ball frequency.


Download data is not yet available.


Akubat, I., Patel, E., Barrett, S., & Abt, G. (2012). Methods of monitoring the training and match load and their relationship to changes in fitness in professional youth soccer players. J Sports Sci, 30(14), 1473-1480.

Baiget, E., Fernandez-Fernandez, J., Iglesias, X., & Rodriguez, F. A. (2015). Tennis Play Intensity Distribution and Relation with Aerobic Fitness in Competitive Players. PLoS One, 10(6), e0131304.

Baiget, E., Fernandez-Fernandez, J., Iglesias, X., Vallejo, L., & Rodriguez, F. A. (2014). On-court endurance and performance testing in competitive male tennis players. J Strength Cond Res, 28(1), 256-264.

Baiget, E., Iglesias, X., & Rodriguez, F. A. (2017). Maximal Aerobic Frequency of Ball Hitting: A New Training Load Parameter in Tennis. J Strength Cond Res, 31(1), 106-114.

Brechbuhl, C., Girard, O., Millet, G. P., & Schmitt, L. (2016a). On the Use of a Test to Exhaustion Specific to Tennis (TEST) with Ball Hitting by Elite Players. PLoS One, 11(4), e0152389.

Brechbuhl, C., Girard, O., Millet, G. P., & Schmitt, L. (2016b). Stress test specific to tennis. ITF Coach Sport Sci Rev(70), 26-29.

Brechbuhl, C., Girard, O., Millet, G. P., & Schmitt, L. (2017). Technical Alterations during an Incremental Field Test in Elite Male Tennis Players. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 49(9), 1917-1926.

Brechbuhl, C., Millet, G., & Schmitt, L. (2016). Accuracy and Reliability of a New Tennis Ball Machine. J Sports Sci Med, 15(2), 263-267.

Esteve-Lanao, J., San Juan, A. F., Earnest, C. P., Foster, C., & Lucia, A. (2005). How do endurance runners actually train? Relationship with competition performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 37(3), 496-504.

Girard, O., Lattier, G., Maffiuletti, N. A., Micallef, J. P., & Millet, G. P. (2008). Neuromuscular fatigue during a prolonged intermittent exercise: Application to tennis. J Electromyogr Kinesiol, 18(6), 1038-1046.

Holloszy, J. O., Kohrt, W. M., & Hansen, P. A. (1998). The regulation of carbohydrate and fat metabolism during and after exercise. Front Biosci, 3, D1011-1027.

Kovacs, M. S. (2007). Tennis physiology: training the competitive athlete. Sports Med, 37(3), 189-198.

Laursen, P. B. (2010). Training for intense exercise performance: high-intensity or high-volume training? Scand J Med Sci Sports, 20 Suppl 2, 1-10.

Laursen, P. B., & Jenkins, D. G. (2002). The scientific basis for highintensity interval training: optimising training programmes and maximising performance in highly trained endurance athletes. Sports Med, 32(1), 53-73.

Mendez-Villanueva, A., Fernandez-Fernandez, J., Bishop, D., Fernandez-Garcia, B., & Terrados, N. (2007). Activity patterns, blood lactate concentrations and ratings of perceived exertion during a professional singles tennis tournament. Br J Sports Med, 41(5), 296-300; discussion 300.

Seiler, K. S., & Kjerland, G. O. (2006). Quantifying training intensity distribution in elite endurance athletes: is there evidence for an “optimal” distribution? Scand J Med Sci Sports, 16(1), 49-56.

Smekal, G., Pokan, R., von Duvillard, S. P., Baron, R., Tschan, H., & Bachl, N. (2000). Comparison of laboratory and “on-court” endurance testing in tennis. Int J Sports Med, 21(4), 242-249.

Triolet, C., Benguigui, N., Le Runigo, C., & Williams, A. M. (2013). Quantifying the nature of anticipation in professional tennis. J Sports Sci, 31(8), 820-830.

Vergauwen, L., Spaepen, A. J., Lefevre, J., & Hespel, P. (1998). Evaluation of stroke performance in tennis. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 30(8), 1281-1288.

White, A. T., & Schenk, S. (2012). NAD(+)/NADH and skeletal muscle mitochondrial adaptations to exercise. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab, 303(3), E308-321.



How to Cite

Brechbuhl, C., Girard, O., Millet, G., & Schmitt, L. (2017). Towards polarized training in tennis? Usefulness of combining technical and physiological assessments during a new incremental field test. ITF Coaching & Sport Science Review, 25(73), 27–31.