A practical example of strengthening governance in Japanese College Tennis Clubs





college tennis, governance code, governance self-assessment sheet


In 2019, the Japan Sports Agency formulated the Sports Organizations Governance Code, a code not directly applicable to college sports clubs. However, as seen in the scandal of the American football club of Nihon University, it is necessary to strengthen the governance of all college sports clubs, including tennis. Therefore, we conducted a governance survey at 268 Japanese college tennis clubs in 2021. The representatives of each college were asked to report their demographics and respond to the assessment measures regarding the governance of college tennis clubs. A simple tabulation and cross-analysis were conducted, and the Chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test were used at a significance level of five percent. Based on the results of the survey, we developed a “Governance Self-Assessment Sheet” for college tennis clubs. In this study, we introduce the outline of the results of the survey by comparing the governance of sports organizations in different countries. Moreover, a practical case study of Keio University in Japan, which is the world’s first university to use the Sheet, will be discussed based on the results of a new survey conducted in 2022.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Shion Hotta, Keio University


Vice Director, Hirano Seminar in Civil Law, Faculty of Law, Keio University

Secondary School attached to the Faculty of Education (Former affiliation), The University of Tokyo

Mamoru Yamamoto, Tokyo Bar Association, Japan

He is a Japanese attorney and holds a J.D. degree. He also engages in educational and research activities as a part-time lecturer at Chuo University Law School, among others.


Akoglu, H. (2018) User’s guide to correlation coefficients. Turkish journal of emergency medicine, 18 (3): 91-93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tjem.2018.08.001 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tjem.2018.08.001

Canadian Olympic Committee (2021) Canadian Sport Governance Code. https://nso.olympic.ca/canadian-sport-governance-code/ (Last viewed on June 9, 2022).

Carnegie, G. D., and Tuck, J. (2010) Understanding the ABC of University Governance. Australian Journal of Public Administration, 69 (4): 431-441. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8500.2010.00699.x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8500.2010.00699.x

Carron, A. V. (1982) Cohesiveness in Sport Groups: Interpretations and Considerations. Journal of Sport Psychology, 4 (2): 123-138. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1123/jsp.4.2.123

FIFA (2022) FIFA GUARDIANS. https://safeguardinginsport.fifa.com/ (Last viewed on June 9, 2022).

Hotta, S., Yamamoto, M., Hirata, D. and Mitsuhashi, D. (2022) A Survey on good governance in college tennis teams: Consideration based on the sports organizations governance code (in Japanese with English abstract). Tenisu no kagaku (Japanese Journal of TENNIS SCIENCES), 30: 27-39.

James, D. and Elizabeth, S. (2019) How Institutions and Social Identity Affect Policy Change: The Case of College Sports. Working Paper Series Northwestern Institute for Policy Research. https://www.ipr.northwestern.edu/documents/working-papers/2019/wp-19-22rev.pdf (Last viewed on June 9, 2022).

Japan Sports Agency (2019a) SGC. https://www.mext.go.jp/sports/b_menu/sports/mcatetop10/list/1412105.htm (Last viewed on June 9, 2022).

Japan Sports Agency (2019b) SGC (NF) https://www.mext.go.jp/sports/content/1420887_1.pdf (Last viewed on June 9, 2022).

Kawabata, K. (2019) After the Rugby World Cup (in Japanese). Ningen fukushigaku kenkyu (Japanese Journal of Human Welfare Studies), 12 (1): 3-5.

Keio University Yagami Tennis Team (2022) Research. https://rikotaitenniskeio.wixsite.com/official-page/research (Last viewed on June 9, 2022).

LTA (2022) SAFEGUARDING. https://www.lta.org.uk/about-us/safeguarding/ (Last viewed on June 9, 2022).

Mathias, J. H., Mikael, V., Mikkel, S. A., Michael, W. D., and Lars, W. A. (2017) Bystander automated external defibrillator use and clinical outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Resuscitation, 120: 77-87. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2017.09.003 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2017.09.003

Matsuyama, K. (2019) Followership and leadership: as a clue of Nihon University American football club case (in Japanese). Shokei-gakuso (Journal of Business Studies), 65 (5): 243-262.

MEXT (2011) Basic Act on Sports. https://www.mext.go.jp/a_menu/sports/kihonhou/attach/1336024.htm (Last viewed on June 9, 2022).

Obuchi, K. (2020) Investigation of the Consciousness of Local Producers over Changes in the External Environment of the Traditional Craft Industry (in Japanese). Nihon dezain gakkai kenkyu happyou taikai gaiyousyu, 67: 326-327. https://doi.org/10.11247/jssd.67.0_326

SDRCC (2021) http://www.crdsc-sdrcc.ca/eng/documents/SDRCC_National_Consultations_Summary_Report_EN_Final.pdf (Last viewed on June 9, 2022).

Sport England (2020) A Code for Sports Governance. https://www.sportengland.org/campaigns-and-our-work/code-sports-governance (Last viewed on June 9, 2022).

Sportsoracle (2022) IOC Certificate: Safeguarding Officer in Sport. https://www.sportsoracle.com/course/ioc-certificate-safeguarding-officer-in-sport/ (Last viewed on June 9, 2022).

USCSS (2022) https://uscenterforsafesport.org/ (Last viewed on June 9, 2022).

Yajima, M., Asakawa, Y., and Yamaguchi, H. (2011) Structural Factors of “Enjoyment” among Community-Dwelling Elderly (in Japanese with English abstract). Rigaku ryohou kagaku, 26 (1): 95-99. https://doi.org/10.1589/rika.26.95 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1589/rika.26.95



How to Cite

Hotta, S., & Yamamoto, M. (2022). A practical example of strengthening governance in Japanese College Tennis Clubs. ITF Coaching & Sport Science Review, 30(87), 18–24. https://doi.org/10.52383/itfcoaching.v30i87.334